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Tm.itittt. !lu



While Apulia and Sicily were aubilucti by the Nm'nun I;UT a swarm of
northern shepherds overspread the kinmioms *' IVrnia ; thru1 pwws of the
race of Seljtik erected a splendid nml solid empire from &,wnwuw! tt the
confines of Greece and Kypt.-~GiiwoN.

Importance of the Se/jith.Thu previous chapter
is little more than a medley, dealing us it docs with
numerous short-lived dynasties which sd/ctl upon various
provinces of the decrepit Caliphate and then tumbled to
pieces mainly from internal dissensions* The advent of
a new power, the Seljuk Turks, constitutes a notable
epoch in the history of the Middle and Near Kstst,if only
because it swept away these insignificant and divided
dynasties and once again united Islam under a single
powerful sway, stretching from Turkestan to the Medi-
terranean Sea* More than this, the Seljuks, with the
fervour of recent converts, revitalized Islam, just as the
Norsemen revitalized Christendom, and when Europe
under Norman leaders attacked the Kast under trie
impulse of the Crusades it was the light horse of the
Seljuks which met the heavy horse of the Crusaders.1
Their Origin,  The Seljuks were a branch of the
Ghuzz Turks, from whom, however, they kept distinct
Their founder was Tukdk (signifying a bow), the father
1 The authorities far thii chapter include Browne, vol. H,f imti Skrine n4 Roti'i Htfirt
of Asia j the native chronicles referred to in the previous chapter are ngiiin used, more
especially in connexion with the Seljuks of Kcrmnn, I have alio consulted * ly&opftif
by Browne of The Notification of #>'**, by Njm-uDIn, composed in A.H. 599
vwfc art. xxvil of Journal R>4,$. for 190*.